Robotics develops machines that can substitute for humans and replicate human actions. Robots can be used in many situations and for lots of purposes, but today many are used in dangerous environments (including inspection of radioactive materials, bomb detection and deactivation), manufacturing processes, or where humans cannot survive (e.g. in space, underwater, in high heat, and clean up and containment of hazardous materials and radiation). Robots can take on any form but some are made to resemble humans in appearance. This is said to help in the acceptance of a robot in certain replicative behaviors usually performed by people. Such robots attempt to replicate walking, lifting, speech, cognition, or any other human activity. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature, contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
The concept of creating machines that can operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century. Throughout history, it has been frequently assumed by various scholars, inventors, engineers, and technicians that robots will one day be able to mimic human behavior and manage tasks in a human-like fashion. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue; researching, designing, and building new robots serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots are built to do jobs that are hazardous to people, such as defusing bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins, and exploring mines and shipwrecks. Robotics is also used in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) as a teaching aid. The advent of nanorobots, microscopic robots that can be injected into the human body, could revolutionize medicine and human health.
Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the combined attribute of science and computer that makes the system or program or any machines perform the Intelligent and Imaginative functions of a human, independently and solution to problems, be able to make decisions. The main aim of Artificial Intelligence systems is to have the ability to discover, which makes people increase their performance and productivity over time. Artificial Intelligent Technology tools include machine learning and deep learning which gives an analysis report to increase the clarity of planning, reasoning, thinking, problem-solving and also learning.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence Technology
Artificial Intelligence in education makes a worthy contribution to human beings. Here a complex problem is solved by dividing the problem into subunits and finding the solution to each subunit. The subunit may be a system or human trying to find a solution to the problem. The proposed theory shows that cognitive science in education developed a tutor by programming a computer and that tutor would watch the students problem-solving skills. Now the tutor will guide the student and advises them in each step of his solution by preventing them before they fell into a trap. This method makes the student learn a lesson about the problem and be cognitive in the future.
The Expert system is widely used in Artificial technology. The popular one is spell corrector and spell checker. They act as a proofreader by checking spellings and grammatical mistakes and gives all the possible suggestion to get the best article. The expert system in the automation industry is widely used in 80 percent of its manufacturing process. It saves the labor cost, reduces the error and gives a maximum output in minimum time because the robot does not need a lunchtime or break hour. The man takes hours to complete a pain taking the task in which the robot does in a fraction of minutes.
Robotics with applied AI is most attractive and beneficial to human resources. The robots are programmed to do a repetitive task which increases productivity and it is efficiently used. The unique feature of robots are bomb defusing, space exploration and programmed do all task which is dangerous to be done by humans. The advanced research in robots is to make them see, hear and touch by implementing them with collision sensors, cameras, and ultrasound sensors. The robot is used in space exploration and they are adaptable to the environment and physical conditions.
Emotions intercept the intellectual thinking of human which is interference for artificial thinkers. Apart from emotional handling, a robot is also programmed to think logically and take effective decisions.
In daily life, Artificial intelligence is implemented and successfully growing around us in aspects of communication, time management, education, cognition, health, safety measure, traffic control, purchasing, marketing, shopping, and planning Artificial Intelligence is used in science to design experiments, train the resources, interpret the data, reduce complexity.